In this article, we will discuss Alectinib (Mechanism of Action). So, let’s get started.
Pharmacotherapeutic group: anti-neoplastic agents, protein kinase inhibitor; ATC code: L01XE36.
Mechanism of action
Alectinib is a highly selective and potent ALK and RET tyrosine kinase inhibitor. In preclinical studies, inhibition of ALK tyrosine kinase activity led to blockage of downstream signalling pathways including STAT 3 and PI3K/AKT and induction of tumour cell death (apoptosis).
Alectinib demonstrated in vitro and in vivo activity against mutant forms of the ALK enzyme, including mutations responsible for resistance to crizotinib. The major metabolite of alectinib (M4) has shown similar in vitro potency and activity.
Based on preclinical data, alectinib is not a substrate of p-glycoprotein or BCRP, which are both efflux transporters in the blood brain barrier, and is therefore able to distribute into and be retained within the central nervous system.