Zika Fever

In this blog we will discuss about Zika Fever causative agent Zika Virus Family Flaviviridae. Mode of transmission is through blood transfusion and sexual transmission. Symptoms include Fever Rash Muscle and Joint pain Headache Red eyes These symptoms resembles Dengue and Chickengunya The first major outbreak, with 185 confirmed cases, was reported in 2007 in the Yap Islands of the Federated States of Micronesia. A … Continue reading Zika Fever

Symptoms and Complications of Typhoid Fever

Typhoid fever also known as Enteric Fever caused due to Salmonella Typhi Bacteria. Following are the Symptoms and Complications of Typhoid Fever :- SYMPTOMS In the First week we observe Fever with bradycardia also known as Faget sign, Malaise, Headache, Epistaxis, Leukopenia and Widal test is negative in first week. In Second week we observe High fever ( aroud 40°C ) and Bradycardia, Rose spots … Continue reading Symptoms and Complications of Typhoid Fever

Causes of Posterior Knee Pain

Sometimes people complaint about pain and tenderness at the posterior part of their knee i.e back of knee but they are unaware about the exact pathology behind that pain in this blog we will discuss about the various causes that are responsible for posterior knee pain. Following are the various causes of posterior knee pain :- BAKER’S CYST BICEPS FEMORIS TENDONITIS (HAMSTRING MUSCLE) MENISCAL INJURY … Continue reading Causes of Posterior Knee Pain

Causes of Wrist Pain

Wrist pain is a common condition with various pathologies, when pain occurs, it can interfere with day-to-day activities and even impact a person’s quality of life. Following are the various causes of wrist pain listed below Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Ganglion Cysts De’Quervain Tenosynovitis Kienbock’s Disease Osteoarthritis of Wrist Rheumatoid Arthritis Triangular Fibrocartilage Complex Injury Wrist Tendonitis Wrist Bursitis Repetitive Motion Syndrome Carpal Boss Cubital Tunnel … Continue reading Causes of Wrist Pain

Hamstring Strengthening Exercises

The Hamstring Muscle is composed of three major muscles viz. SEMIMEMBRANOSUS SEMITENDINOSUS BICEPS FEMORIS ORIGIN SEMIMEMBRANOSUS It originates from ischial tuberosity in hip bone. SEMITENDINOSUS Ischial tuberosity of hip. BICEPS FEMORIS Ischial tuberosity of hip – long head Linea Aspera and Lateral Supracondylar line of femur – short head INSERTION SEMIMEMBRANOSUS Medial tibial condyle. SEMITENDINOSUS Medial surface of tibia BICEPS FEMORIS Lateral side of head … Continue reading Hamstring Strengthening Exercises


It is a complex deformity of spine characterized by abnormal sideways curvature of spine or increased lateral curvature and rotation of vertebrae involving deformity of rib cage. EPIDEMIOLOGY AND CAUSES CAUSES Congenital Scoliosis – bone malformation present at birth. Neuromuscular Scoliosis – results from abnormal muscles or nerves seen in people with spina bifida and cerebral palsy. Degenerative Scoliosis – results from traumatic bone collapse. … Continue reading Scoliosis

Knee Osteoarthritis

It is Chronic progressive, degenerative, painful disease of knee joint present with chronic pain, loss of joint ROM, bony crepitus, joint deformities in later stage like “genu valgum”. EPIDEMIOLOGY AND CAUSES Most common form of joint arthritis. 15% population is affected. Strongly age related OA knee occurs with 70% population in age group 60 and above. Leading cause of long term movement disability 11.6 millions … Continue reading Knee Osteoarthritis

IlioTibial (IT) band Syndrome

IT band Syndrome is an overuse injury of connective tissue present at the lateral aspect of thigh it runs along the outer part of thigh extending from pelvis to tibia covering both hip and knee joint when this connective band or tissue rubs against bony prominence due to overuse activities leads to inflammation and irritation of this band causing symptoms. It is also known as … Continue reading IlioTibial (IT) band Syndrome

Biceps Tendinopathy

Pain, tenderness and inflammation around long head of biceps tendon often caused due to overuse injury among older patients especially older athletes ( 30+ age athletes and old aged patients 60+ age). Pain often resembles Shoulder impingement syndrome, Rotator cuff tendinopathy. EPIDEMIOLOGY Occurs more commonly while performing or after sporting activities like lifting, throwing, overhead movement. In UK prevalence rate of biceps tendon rupture is … Continue reading Biceps Tendinopathy