In this article, we will discuss Osimertinib (Mechanism of Action). So, let’s get started.
Mechanism of Action
Osimertinib is kinase inhibitor of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), which binds irreversibly to certain mutant forms of EGFR (T790M, L858R, and exon 19 deletion) at approximately 9-fold lower concentrations than wild-type. In cultured cells and animal tumor implantation models, osimertinib exhibited anti-tumor activity against NSCLC lines harboring EGFR-mutations (T790M/L858R, L858R, T790M/exon 19 deletion, and exon 19 deletion) and, to a lesser extent, wild-type EGFR amplifications. Two pharmacologically-active metabolites (AZ7550 and AZ5104 circulating at approximately 10% of the parent) with similar inhibitory profiles to osimertinib have been identified in the plasma after oral administration of osimertinib. AZ7550 showed a similar potency to osimertinib, while AZ5104 showed greater potency against exon 19 deletion and T790M mutants (approximately 8-fold) and wild-type (approximately 15-fold) EGFR. In vitro, osimertinib also inhibited the activity of HER2, HER3, HER4, ACK1, and BLK at clinically relevant concentrations.
The QTc interval prolongation potential of osimertinib was assessed in 210 patients who received Osimertinib 80 mg daily in Study 2. A central tendency analysis of the QTcF data at steady-state demonstrated that the maximum mean change from baseline was 16.2 (upper bound of two-sided 90% confidence interval (CI) 17.6) msec. A pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic analysis in Study 2 suggested a concentration-dependent QTc interval prolongation of 14 msec (upper bound of two-sided 90% CI: 16 msec) at a dose of osimertinib 80 mg.