Acalabrutinib Anticancer Drugs Oncology Pharmacology Physiotherapy

Acalabrutinib (Mechanism of Action)

In this article we will discuss Acalabrutinib (Mechanism of Action)

In this article, we will discuss Acalabrutinib (Mechanism of Action). So, let’s get started.

Mechanism of Action

Acalabrutinib is a small-molecule inhibitor of BTK. Acalabrutinib and its active metabolite, ACP-5862, form a covalent bond with a cysteine residue in the BTK active site, leading to inhibition of BTK enzymatic activity. BTK is a signaling molecule of the B cell antigen receptor (BCR) and cytokine receptor pathways. In B cells, BTK signaling results in activation of pathways necessary for B-cell proliferation, trafficking, chemotaxis, and adhesion. In nonclinical studies, acalabrutinib inhibited BTK mediated activation of downstream signaling proteins CD86 and CD69 and inhibited malignant B-cell proliferation and survival.


In patients with B-cell malignancies dosed with 100 mg twice daily, median steady state BTK occupancy of ≥ 95% in peripheral blood was maintained over 12 hours, resulting in inactivation of BTK throughout the recommended dosing interval.

Cardiac Electrophysiology
The effect of acalabrutinib on the QTc interval was evaluated in a randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, placebo- and positive-controlled, 4-way crossover thorough QTc study in 48 healthy adult subjects. Administration of a single dose of acalabrutinib that is the 4-fold maximum recommended single dose did not prolong the QTc interval to any clinically relevant extent (i.e., ≥ 10 ms).

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