In this article, we will discuss Gilteritinib (Mechanism of Action). So, let’s get started.
Mechanism of Action
Gilteritinib is a small molecule that inhibits multiple receptor tyrosine kinases, including FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3). Gilteritinib demonstrated the ability to inhibit FLT3 receptor signaling and proliferation in cells exogenously expressing FLT3 including FLT3-ITD, tyrosine kinase domain mutations (TKD) FLT3-D835Y and FLT3-ITD-D835Y, and it induced apoptosis in leukemic cells expressing FLT3-ITD.
In patients with relapsed or refractory AML administered gilteritinib 120 mg, substantial (>90%) inhibition of FLT3 phosphorylation was rapid (within 24 hours after first dose) and sustained, as characterized by an ex vivo plasma inhibitory activity (PIA) assay.
The effect of Gilteritinib 120 mg once a day on the QTc interval has been evaluated in patients, which showed an absence of large mean increases (i.e., 20 msec) in the QTc interval. Of 317 patients with a post-baseline QTc measurement on treatment with gilteritinib at 120 mg in clinical trials, 4 patients (1.3%) experienced a QTcF >500 msec. Additionally, across all doses 2.3% of patients with relapse/refractory AML had a maximum post-baseline QTcF interval >500 msec.