Brief Note on Colostomy

In this article, we will discuss Brief Note on Colostomy. So, let’s get started.

Colostomy

• It is the surgical creation of an artificial anus on the abdominal wall by incising the colon and bringing it out to the surface, performed for cancer of the colon, benign obstructive tumours and severe abdominal wounds.
• A colostomy may be single-barreled, with one opening, or double-barreled, with distal and proximal loops opening onto the abdomen.
• A temporary colostomy may be done to divert feces after surgery will result in one of three types of colostomies.

End Colostomy

The functioning end of the intestine is brought out onto the surface of the abdomen, forming the stoma by cuffing the intestine back on itself and suturing the end to the skin. A stoma is an artificial opening created to the surface of the body. An end colostomy is usually a permanent ostomy, resulting from trauma, cancer or another pathological condition.

Double-barrel Colostomy

This colostomy involves the creation of two separate stomas on the abdominal wall. The proximal (nearest) stoma is the functional end that is connected to the upper gastrointestinal tract and will drain stool. The distal stoma, connected to the rectum and also called a mucous fistula, drains small amounts of mucus material. This is most often a temporary colostomy performed to rest an area of bowel, and to be later closed.

Loop Colostomy

This colostomy is created by bringing a loop of bowel through an incision in the abdominal wall. A loop colostomy is most often performed for creation of a temporary stoma to divert stool away from an area of intestine that has been blocked or ruptured.

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