Gastroenterology Physiotherapy vomiting

Causes of Vomiting

In this article we will discuss various Causes of Vomiting.

In this article, we will discuss various Causes of Vomiting. So, let’s get started.


1. Gastrointestinal

(a) Mechanical Obstruction

  • Gastric outlet obstruction following peptic ulcer or malignancy
  • Small intestinal obstruction, e.g. volvolus, adhesions, malignancy

(b) Motility disorders

  • Gastroparesis due to diabetes, drugs, post-vagotomy, and idiopathic

(c) Inflammation

  • Bacterial food poisoning
  • Appendicitis
  • Acute pancreatitis

(d) Gastrointestinal irritants

  • Alcohol
  • Drugs, e.g. NSAIDs, oral antibiotics

2. Hepatobiliary

  • Hepatitis A and B
  • Portal hypertension
  • Acute cholecystitis
  • Gallstones

3. CNS disorders

(a) Vestibular causes

  • Labyrinthitis
  • Meniere’s disease
  • Motion sickness

(b) Raised intracranial pressure

  • CNS tumors
  • Subdural/Subarachnoid hemorrhage
  • Hydrocephalus, meningitis, encephalitis

4. Cardiovascular

(c) Migraine

  • Acute MI, congestive heart failure

5. Renal

  • Renal failure

6. Endocrinal

  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Hypo and hyperthyroidism
  • Thyrotoxic crisis
  • Adrenal crisis

7. Systemic causes

  • Infection
  • Pregnancy

8. Psychogenic

9. Radiation therapy

10. Bulimia

  • Psychiatric disorders

11. Postoperative

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