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Signs and Symptoms of Hypocalcemia

In this article, we will discuss the Signs and Symptoms of Hypocalcemia. So, let’s get started.

Signs and Symptoms

The clinical manifestations vary from asymptomatic state to life-threatening features like convulsions, tetany, laryngeal spasm, depending on the level of ionised calcium. The neuromuscular and neurological manifestations of hypocalcemia are due to enhanced neuromuscular excitability due to lowered threshold; and common features include tetany, perioral paraesthesias, numbness, muscle cramps and fasciculations. The signs and symptoms of hypocalcemia are given below:

Mental: Irritability, depression, psychosis, convulsions.

Neurological: Tetany, paraesthesias, seizures.

Cardiac: Precipitation of CHF by beta blockers, arrhythmias, prolonged QTc on ECG.

Eye: Cataracts, optic neuritis, papilledema.

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