Causes of Spinal Cord Compression

In this article, we will discuss various Causes of Spinal Cord Compression. So, let’s get started.

Causes

Extradural compression (involvement of vertebral bodies and intervertebral disc): It comprises 80% of cases of compression

A. Vertebral bodies

  • Trauma (fracture-dislocation), whiplash injury
  • Metastatic carcinoma (e.g. breast, bronchus, prostate, lymphoma, thyroid)
  • Myeloma
  • Tuberculosis

B. Disc lesion

  • Intervertebral disc prolapse
  • Trauma

C. Inflammatory

  • Epidural abscess
  • Cold abscess
  • Granuloma
  • Arachnoiditis

D. Epidural hemorrhage

Intradural extramedullary compression: It constitutes 15% of cases of compression

  • Tumors, e.g. meningioma, neurofibroma, ependymoma, metastasis, lymphoma, leukemia.
  • Subdural abscess

Intradural intramedullary: It constitutes 5% of the cases of compression

  • Tumors, e.g. glioma, ependymoma, metastasis.
  • Hematomyelia
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