Causes of Spinal Cord Compression

In this article, we will discuss various Causes of Spinal Cord Compression. So, let’s get started.


Extradural compression (involvement of vertebral bodies and intervertebral disc): It comprises 80% of cases of compression

A. Vertebral bodies

  • Trauma (fracture-dislocation), whiplash injury
  • Metastatic carcinoma (e.g. breast, bronchus, prostate, lymphoma, thyroid)
  • Myeloma
  • Tuberculosis

B. Disc lesion

  • Intervertebral disc prolapse
  • Trauma

C. Inflammatory

  • Epidural abscess
  • Cold abscess
  • Granuloma
  • Arachnoiditis

D. Epidural hemorrhage

Intradural extramedullary compression: It constitutes 15% of cases of compression

  • Tumors, e.g. meningioma, neurofibroma, ependymoma, metastasis, lymphoma, leukemia.
  • Subdural abscess

Intradural intramedullary: It constitutes 5% of the cases of compression

  • Tumors, e.g. glioma, ependymoma, metastasis.
  • Hematomyelia

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