Clinical Features of Cardiac Tamponade

In this article, we will discuss the Clinical Features of Cardiac Tamponade. So, let’s get started.

Clinical Features


  • Progressive dyspnea, tachypnea
  • Fullness, tightness of chest
  • Altered sensorium, confusion, dizziness, vertigo, syncope
  • Chest pain


  • Tachycardia, low blood pressure with low pulse rate
  • Elevated JVP with prominent ‘x’ descent and absent ‘y’ descent
  • Kussmaul sign (paradoxical rise in JVP during inspiration) is less common.
  • Pulsus paradoxus
  • An increased area of dullness over the anterior chest on percussion
  • Feeble heart sounds
  • Congestive hepatomegaly
  • Dry lung fields on auscultation
  • Occasional Pericardial knock

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