Drugs used for Anaesthesia

In this article, we will discuss the Drugs used for Anaesthesia. So, let’s get started.

Drugs used for anaesthesia

(1) Inhalational anaesthetic

Desflurane
Enflurane
Halothane
Isoflurane
Methoxyflurane
Nitrous oxide
Sevoflurane
Xenon

(2) Intravenous agents non-opioid

Barbiturates
Amobarbital
Methohexital
Thiamylal
Thiopental (Penthothal/thiopentone)
Benzodiazepines
Diazepam
Lorazepam
Midazolam
Etomidate
Ketamine
Propofol

(3) Intravenous opioid analgesic agents

Short onset and duration of action and are frequently used during general anaesthesia:
Alfentanil
Fentanyl
Remifentanil
Sufentanil

Longer onset and duration of action and are frequently used for post-operative pain relief:
Buprenorphine
Butorphanol
diacetyl morphine (heroin)
Hydromorphone
Levorphanol
Meperidine (pethidine)
Methadone
Morphine
Nalbuphine
Oxycodone
Oxymorphone
Pentazocine

(4) Muscle relaxants

Depolarizing muscle relaxants:
Succinylcholine
Decamethonium

Non-depolarizing muscle relaxants:

Short acting
Mivacurium
Rapacuronium

Intermediate acting
Atracurium
Cisatracurium
Rocuronim
Vecuronium

Long acting
Alcuronium
Pancuronium
Pipecuronium
Doxacurium
Gallamine
Metocurine
Tubocurarine

(5) Local anaesthetic agents

Procaine
Amethocaine
Cocain
Prilocaine
Bupivacaine
Levobupivacaine
Ropivacaine
Mepivacaine
Dibucaine
Lignocaine

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