In this article, we will discuss Occupational Health Services. So, let’s get started.
Occupational Health Services
The term “occupational health services means services entrusted with essentially preventive functions and responsible for advising the employer, the workers and their representatives in the undertaking, onthe requirements for establishing and maintaining a safe and healthy working environment, which will facilitate optimal physical and mental health in relation to work and the adaptation of work to the capabilities of workers in the light of their state of physical and mental health.” (The ILO Convention on Occupational Health Service, 1985). There are a number of functions listed in the convention and they are:
• Identification and assessment of the risks/health hazards.
• Advising on planning and organization of work and working practices.
• Providing advice, information, training and education, on occupational health, safety and hygiene
• Organizing first aid and emergency treatment.
• Surveillance of the factors in the working environment and working practices which may affect workers’ health.
• Occupational rehabilitation.
• Prevention and control of stress.
• Occupational ergonomics.
• Prevention and control of accident.