Causes of Acute Transverse Myelitis

In this article, we will discuss various Causes of Acute Transverse Myelitis. So, let’s get started.

Causes

It results from an autoimmune response triggered by infection and not from direct infection of the spinal cord. It can be due to demyelinating disorders, neuromyelitis optica, postinfectious, sarcoidosis and systemic autoimmune diseases. The causes are given below:

A. Viral infection

  • Poliomyelitis
  • Postpoliomyelitis syndrome
  • Acute encephalomyelitis (viral)
  • Herpes zoster, HSV type 2
  • Rabies, EBV and CMV
  • HTLV-1
  • AIDS-related myelitis

B. Bacterial infection

  • Acute suppurative myelitis with spinal abscess
  • Tubercular myelitis
  • Syphilitic myelitis

C. Lyme disease

  • Fungal-rare

D. Parasitic, e.g. cysticercosis, schistosomiasis, malaria

E. Postinfectious (measles, mumps, influenza, mycoplasma CMV and EBV) and postvaccinal myelitis (tetanus, smallpox, rabies, poliomyelitis)

F. Demyelinating disorders

  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Neuromyelitis optica
  • Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis

G. Paraneoplastic (non-metastatic manifestation of malignancy)

H. Toxic

  • Contrast media
  • Intrathecal injection
  • Triorthocresyl phosphate toxicity

I. Immune mediated

  • SLE, MCTD and vasculitic syndrome
  • Neurosarcoidosis

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2 thoughts on “Causes of Acute Transverse Myelitis

  1. Not to stray from the topic but do you have any suggestions to deal with noise sensitivity?

    While serving the Lord in China for ten years I became very sensitive to noise (they are the noisiest folks I have ever me)t.

    Right now orioles are driving me nuts as well as many other sounds that never used to bother me.

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