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Hypertensive Urgency Medicine Physiotherapy

Oral Drugs used for Hypertensive Urgency

In this article we will discuss the Oral Drugs used for Hypertensive Urgency

In this article, we will discuss the Oral Drugs used for Hypertensive Urgency. So, let’s get started.

Drugs

Amlodipine (dose 5-10 mg)

  • Action starts within 45-60 min and remains for 24 hours
  • Side effects include hypotension and tachycardia

Clonidine (dose 0.1-0.2 mg every hour)

  • Action starts within 45-60 min and remains for 6-8 hours
  • Side effects include dry mouth and sedation

Captopril or enalapril (captopril dose 6.25-20 mg and enalapril dose 10-30 mg)

  • Action starts within 15-30 min and lasts for 4-6 hours
  • Side effects include acute renal failure, dry cough, angioneurotic edema and hyperkalemia

Labetolol (dose 100-300 mg)

  • Action starts within 30-60 min and lasts for 6-12 hours
  • Side effects include bronchospasm, nausea, vomiting, tingling of scalp

Carvedilol (dose 2.5-50 mg)

  • The half life period of carvedilol is between 7-10 hours
  • Side effects include burning in throat, dizziness, postural hypotension

Prazosin (dose 1-2 mg)

  • Onset of action 15-60 min and remains for 6 hours
  • Side effects include flushing and hypotension

Losartan (dose 25-100 mg)

  • Action starts within half and hour and lasts for 6-8 hours
  • Side effects include ARF, dry cough, angioneurotic edema and hyperkalemia

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