Oral Drugs used for Hypertensive Urgency

In this article, we will discuss the Oral Drugs used for Hypertensive Urgency. So, let’s get started.

Drugs

Amlodipine (dose 5-10 mg)

  • Action starts within 45-60 min and remains for 24 hours
  • Side effects include hypotension and tachycardia

Clonidine (dose 0.1-0.2 mg every hour)

  • Action starts within 45-60 min and remains for 6-8 hours
  • Side effects include dry mouth and sedation

Captopril or enalapril (captopril dose 6.25-20 mg and enalapril dose 10-30 mg)

  • Action starts within 15-30 min and lasts for 4-6 hours
  • Side effects include acute renal failure, dry cough, angioneurotic edema and hyperkalemia

Labetolol (dose 100-300 mg)

  • Action starts within 30-60 min and lasts for 6-12 hours
  • Side effects include bronchospasm, nausea, vomiting, tingling of scalp

Carvedilol (dose 2.5-50 mg)

  • The half life period of carvedilol is between 7-10 hours
  • Side effects include burning in throat, dizziness, postural hypotension

Prazosin (dose 1-2 mg)

  • Onset of action 15-60 min and remains for 6 hours
  • Side effects include flushing and hypotension

Losartan (dose 25-100 mg)

  • Action starts within half and hour and lasts for 6-8 hours
  • Side effects include ARF, dry cough, angioneurotic edema and hyperkalemia
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