Diagnostic Investigations of Acute Vomiting

In this article, we will discuss the Diagnostic Investigations of Acute Vomiting. So, let’s get started

Diagnostic Investigations

A battery of tests to cover all the causes of vomiting, is given below out of which one has to select investigations depending on the presumptive cause

  • CBC for iron deficiency anemia
  • Urine analysis
  • Renal profile, e.g. blood urea, creatinine for azotemia
  • Serum electrolytes, e.g. K+ for hypokalemia or metabolic alkalosis
  • Hepatic profile, e.g. serum bilirubin, hepatic enzymes
  • Serum amylase for pancreatic disease
  • USG of abdomen for liver and pancreatic disease
  • CSF analysis and CT scan of the head for any neurological cause
  • Pregnancy test should be done in all potentially pregnant women
  • Serum drug levels of certain drugs
  • Supine and erect X-ray to be done in a case suspected of intestinal obstruction or perforation
  • Upper GI endoscopy for peptic ulcer and/or gastric outlet obstruction/gastroparesis
  • EKG for myocardial infarction.

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