Predisposing Factors or Conditions for Bacterial Meningitis

In this article, we will discuss various Predisposing Factors or Conditions for Bacterial Meningitis. So, let’s get started.

Acute meningitis is an inflammatory response to the infection of leptomeninges (pia-arachnoid matter) with exudation of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the subarachnoid space. Acute meningitis can be bacterial (septic, tubercular or pyogenic), viral or fungal, etc. Following are the predisposing factors or condition for Bacterial Meningitis:

Factors or Conditions

  • Pneumonia
  • Otitis media, Sinusitis or Mastoiditis
  • Bacterial endocarditis
  • Splenectomy or asplenic state
  • Old age
  • Hypogammaglobulinemia
  • Alcoholism, Diabetes
  • Immunocompromised state
  • Cirrhosis of liver
  • Multiple myeloma
  • Head trauma with a basilar skull fracture and CSF rhinorrhea
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