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Common Causes of Chest Pain

In this article, we will discuss the Common Causes of Chest Pain. So, let’s get started.

Causes

1. Psychological e.g. anxiety or cardiac neurosis

2. Cardiac (42%)

  • Myocardial ischemia (angina)
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Myocarditis
  • Pericarditis
  • Mitral valve prolapse syndrome
  • Aortic dissection
  • Aortic aneurysm

3. Gastroesophageal (31%)

  • Esophagitis
  • Diffuse esophageal spasm
  • Peptic ulcer disease
  • Hiatus hernia
  • Mallory-Weiss syndrome

4. Massive pulmonary embolism (2%)

5. Mediastinal

  • Tracheitis
  • Malignancy

6. Musculoskeletal

  • Osteoarthritis
  • Costochondritis (Tietz’s syndrome)
  • Injury (muscle/rib)
  • Epidemic myalgia (Bornholm disease)

7. Lungs/pleura

  • Pneumonia (consolidation)
  • Pneumothorax
  • Malignancy
  • Pleurisy

8. Neurological

  • Prolapse intervertebral disc
  • Neuralgia e.g. Herpes zoster
  • Thoracic outlet syndrome

 

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