In this article, we will discuss the Clinical Consequences of Vomiting. So, let’s get started.
Clinical Consequences (Complications)
Repeated vomiting, if forceful may lead to pressure rupture of the esophagus (Boerhaave’s syndrome).
It may cause a linear mucosal tear at or near the cardioesophageal junction leading to hematemesis (Mallory-Weiss syndrome).
Prolonged vomiting may lead to fluid loss (dehydration), loss of HCL (metabolic alkalosis), loss of potassium ions K+ (hypokalemia), and loss of nutrients (malnutrition).
Vomiting in an unconscious patient or in patient with depressed consciousness may result in aspiration pneumonia.