In this article, we will discuss the Components of Physical Fitness. So, let’s get started.
Components of Physical Fitness
Health-Related Physical Fitness Components
1. Body composition. These are the components that make up body weight, including fat, muscle and bone content.
2. Cardiorespiratory endurance (aerobic fitness or aerobic capacity): This is the ability to perform large-muscle, whole-body exercise at moderate to high intensities for extended periods of time. It is the ability of the circulatory and respiratory systems to supply oxygen during sustained physical activity.
3. Musculoskeletal fitness: It is the individual’s muscle strength, endurance, and power to enable the performance of work against one’s own body weight or an external resistance.
4. Flexibility: It is the intrinsic property of body tissues that determines the range of motion achievable without injury at a joint or group of joints.
Skill-Related Physical Fitness Components
1. Agility: The ability to change the position of the body in space with speed and accuracy.
2. Coordination: The ability to use the senses, such as sight and hearing, together with body parts in performing tasks smoothly and accurately.
3. Balance: The maintenance of equilibrium while stationary or moving.
4. Power: The ability or rate at which one can perform work
5. Reaction time: The time elapsed between stimulation and the beginning of the reaction to it.
6. Speed: The ability to perform a movement within a short period of time.
Modifying Factors of Fitness
• Age, Gender, Race/Ethnicity
• Growth Status (weight-for-height, body composition & maturation)
• Genetic variations
• Level of physical activity
• Motor skill