Difference between Vasogenic and Cytopathic Cerebral Edema

In this article, we will discuss the Difference between Vasogenic and Cytopathic Cerebral Edema. So, let’s get started.

  • Vasogenic Cerebral Edema
  • Produces focal signs and symptoms due to edema
  • Blood brain barrier remains open
  • Activated diffusion coefficient is increased
  • MRI shows increased interstitial fluid
  • Responds to steroids
  • It is associated with tumors, hemorrhage, abscess, meningitis, cerebral infarction
  • Cytopathic Cerebral Edema
  • The clinical signs are generalised, non-localising, i.e. convulsions, coma
  • Blood brain barrier is closed
  • Activated diffusion coefficient is reduced
  • MRI shows swollen cells
  • Does not respond to steroids
  • Seen in hemodialysis and ketoacidosis
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