The Principles of Training (Exercise)

In this article, we will discuss the Principles of Training and The FITT Principle of Prescribing Aerobic Exercise. So, let’s get started.


Overload principle: An exercise overload specific to the activity must be applied to enhance the physiological improvement and bring a training response e.g. athletes, cardiac patient training program.

Specificity principle: Specific adaptations bring specific training effects e.g. swimming, bicycling, running, etc.

Individual difference principle: A person’s relative fitness level is important at the start of training and it is unrealistic to expect the same outcome for everyone with particular training.

Reversibility principle: Detraining occurs if a person terminates exercise program.

The FITT Principle of Prescribing Aerobic Exercise

Frequency: Number of days per week dedicated to exercise sessions.

Intensity: It determines how hard a person works in order to do then activity. It can be defined on the basis of either absolute or a relative scale. Absolute intensity refers to the amount of energy expended per min of activity while relative intensity takes a person’s level of exercise capacity or cardiorespiratory fitness into consideration to assess the level of effort.

Time: The length of time in which an activity or exercise is performed. Duration is generally expressed in minutes.

Type: The mode of exercise performed.



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