In this article, we will discuss the Principles of Training and The FITT Principle of Prescribing Aerobic Exercise. So, let’s get started.
Overload principle: An exercise overload specific to the activity must be applied to enhance the physiological improvement and bring a training response e.g. athletes, cardiac patient training program.
Specificity principle: Specific adaptations bring specific training effects e.g. swimming, bicycling, running, etc.
Individual difference principle: A person’s relative fitness level is important at the start of training and it is unrealistic to expect the same outcome for everyone with particular training.
Reversibility principle: Detraining occurs if a person terminates exercise program.
The FITT Principle of Prescribing Aerobic Exercise
Frequency: Number of days per week dedicated to exercise sessions.
Intensity: It determines how hard a person works in order to do then activity. It can be defined on the basis of either absolute or a relative scale. Absolute intensity refers to the amount of energy expended per min of activity while relative intensity takes a person’s level of exercise capacity or cardiorespiratory fitness into consideration to assess the level of effort.
Time: The length of time in which an activity or exercise is performed. Duration is generally expressed in minutes.
Type: The mode of exercise performed.