In this article, we will discuss about the role of Cryotherapy in the management of acute sports injuries. So, let’s get started.
Cryotherapy is used for the management of acute sports injuries such as an acute sprain, strain or others. The application of ice or cold substance causes heat loss thereby reducing tissue temperature, reduces the inflammatory process, reduces oxygen utilization, tissue metabolism and also causes vasoconstriction leading to a reduction in pain and muscular spasm. The therapeutic temperature should range within 10-15 °C.
Mode of application includes ice bags, ice towels, vapocoolant spray, cold compression devices or cold whirlpool.
Duration and frequency of treatment is 10-20 min for 3-4 times a day for 2-3 days (eg. application of 20 min of an ice pack and then removing it for next 90 min and then repeating the same for about 3-4 times a day for the first 72 hours of injury)