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Causes of epistaxis

In this article we will discuss about the various Causes of epistaxis. So, let’s get started.

Causes

Trauma

Thrombocytopenia

von-Willebrand’s disease

Hemophilia

Leukemia

HIV

Liver cirrhosis

Factor II, VII, IX and X deficiency

Granulomatosis with polyangitis

Systemic lupus erythematosus

Squamous cell, nasopharyngeal, adreno cystic carcinoma, nasopharyngeal fibroma, and melanoma

Septal spur

Middle ear barotrauma

Allergic and non-allergic rhinitis

Dry, hot or humid weather

Drugs such as anticoagulants, NSAIDs, antihistamines.

Septoplasty, endoscopic sinus surgery (nasal and facial surgery)

Nasal bone fracture

Osler-Weber-Rendu disease

Angioma

Carotid artery aneurysm

Image courtesy:- https://thesgem.com/2013/11/sgem53-sunday-bloody-sunday-epistaxis-and-tranexamic-acid/
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