Vojta Method

It is a technique to treat physical and mental disability with the application of ” reflex locomotion “. It was given by Prof. Vaclav Vojta

In reflex locomotion, there is a coordinated, rhythmic activation of the total skeletal musculature and a CNS response at various circuit levels

PRINCIPLES

(1) 18 points in the body – crawling and reflex rolling

(2) placing the child in a particular position and simultaneous Stimulation of vital points can help improve CNS development

(3) Should be applied 4-5 times daily and withdraw if no improvement is noticeable after a year

(4) Following this protocol child learn normal movement pattern instead of abnormal ones

The Vojta Principle starts out from what is known as reflex locomotion.

Prof Vojta witnessed that these children responded to certain Stimulation in certain body positions with recurrent motor activities in the trunk and the extremities

The effects of this activation were positive, the children with cerebral palsy could first speak more clearly, and after a short time they could stand up and walk more assuredly

The Vojta method can be divided into 2
phases:

Reflex creeping (prone lying flat with the chest down and back up)

Reflex rolling (supine lying flat with the chest up and back down)

USES

By Following above mentioned principle it was observed that children with spastic cerebral palsy not present with spontaneous motor activity could now be completed more comprehensively with repeated Stimulation” Prof Vojta concluded that movement development in the infantile spastic might be subject to functional blockades “

Prof Vojta developed a holistic approach for these kinds of clinical manifestation in new-born babies, children and adults popularly called as  ” Vojta Therapy “

INDICATIONS

Congenital muscular torticollis

Cerebral palsy

Hip dysplasia

Infantile Postural Asymmetry

Spina Bifida

MECHANISM

The reflex locomotion elicited by Vojta therapy is associated with changes in cortical and subcortical brain activation. Tactile stimulations on pre-defined zone of body activates central nervous system. If stimulation is given correctly and repeatedly, motor pattern generated are learned by brain and could be executed voluntarily by an individual.

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Written by priyeshbanerjeept

Physiotherapist, Certified MFR therapist on a mission to provide one stop search destination for various diseases its symptoms,causes,diagnosis,treatment, physiotherapy management,rehabilitation with practical examples for aspiring physiotherapists,medical professionals and general public.

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