In this Article we will discuss about What is CPR and how to apply it ?. So, let’s get started.
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation is an emergency procedure that involves chest compression along with artificial ventilation used in the condition of cardiac arrest.
Lie patient supine (on the back) and kneel down beside the patient’s shoulder or neck.
Interlock your fingers and place your hand on patient’s chest between the nipples keep your elbow straight and position your shoulder directly above your hand.
Using your upper body weight apply firm vertical compressions on the chest approximately 2 inches but not greater than 2.4 inches. Push hard at a rate of 100-120/min.
Open the airway with head-tilt and chin-lift maneuver. Put your hand on patient’s forehead and tilt the head back gently then with other hand lift the chin forward to open the airway.
Prepare to give two rescue breaths. Give the first rescue breath lasting one second and watch to see if the chest rises. If it does rise, give the second breath. If the chest doesn’t rise, repeat the head-tilt, chin-lift maneuver and then give the second breath. Thirty chest compressions followed by two rescue breaths is considered one cycle.
Resume chest compressions to restore circulation.
As their is an automated external defibrillator (AED) is available, apply it and follow the prompts. Administer one shock, then resume CPR starting with chest compressions for two more minutes before administering a second shock.
Continue CPR until there are signs of movement noticed.
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