Physiotherapy Scales Used in Physiotherapy, Modified Ashworth Scale, APGAR score, Berg Balance Scale, General Health Questionnaire,

20 Scales And Measurements Used in Physiotherapy ( Part 1)

Following Scales and Measurements are used for evaluation in Physiotherapy

(1) 10 min Walk Test

Used to assess walking speed in m/s over short length.

(2) General Health Questionnaire

Screening tool for identification of minor psychiatric disorders/problems in the general population.

(3) Dynamic Gait Index

Screening tool for the clinical assessment of walking in people with balance and vestibular disorders.

(4) Pain Intensity Measure

The Pain intensity measure consists of 4 items that assess pain intensity in the morning, afternoon, evening, and with activity over the past 2 days. Each item is scored on a 0-to-10 NPRS, P4 scores varies from 0 (no pain) to 40 (highest pain level).

(5) Achilles Tendon Total Rupture   Score

An instrument used for measuring outcome after treatment for total Achilles tendon rupture. It is a patient-reported evaluation tool.

(6) Action Research Arm Test

Observational measring tool used by physiotherapists and other health care professionals to assess upper extremity performance ( co-ordination, functioning etc ) in stroke recovery, brain injury and multiple sclerosis patients

(7) Activities-Specific Balance Coordination Scale

(8) Amputee Mobility Predictor

Assessment tool designed to measure the functional status of lower-limb amputees with (AMPPRO) and without (AMPnoPRO) the use of a prosthesis.

(9) Back Pain Functional Scale

Self-reported measurement tool that evaluates functional ability in patients with back pain.

(10) Bangla Clubfoot Tool

Tool used to assess outcomes for children with clubfoot in Bangladesh and may be a suitable measure to use across other lower and middle income population . It is designed for use in busy clinics to assess results of clubfoot management in children of walking age, i.e mid-term to longer-term results

(11) Balance Error Scoring System

Objective assessment and measurement of assessing static postural stability designed for the mild head injury population, to assist in return to sports play decisions.

(12) Beighton Score

Beighton score is a popular screening technique for hypermobility. This is a nine point scale and requires the performance of 5 maneuvers, four passive bilateral and one active unilateral maneuvers.

(13) Berg Balance Scale

Objective assessment and determination of patient’s ability or inability to safely balance during a series of predetermined tasks. It is a 14 item list with each item consisting of a given 5 point scale ranging from 0 to 4, with 0 indicating the lowest level of function and 4 the highest level of function and takes approximately 20 minutes for completion.

(14) Brigham And Women’s Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Questionnaire

In 1993 Levine et al developed The Brigham and Women’s Hospital Symptom Severity Scale (SSS) and Functional Status Scale (FSS) to measure symptom severity and functional status in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome.

(15) Modified Ashworth Scale

measures resistance during passive soft tissue stretching and is used as a simple measure of spasticity.

Scoring :-

0: No increase in muscle tone

1: Slight increase in muscle tone

1+: Slight increase in muscle tone, manifested by a catch, followed by minimal resistance throughout the remainder ROM

2: More marked increase in muscle tone through most of the ROM

3: Considerable increase in muscle tone, passive movement difficult

4: Affected part rigid in flexion or extension

(16) APGAR Score


(17) Oxford Scale

(0) No Movement

(1) Flicker of contraction

(2) Through full range actively with gravity counterbalanced

(3) Through full range actively against gravity

(4) Through full range actively against some resistance

(5) Through full range actively against strong resistance

(18) Neck Disability Index

It is a patient-completed, condition specific functional status questionnaire with 10 items including pain, personal care, lifting, reading, headaches, concentration, work, driving, sleeping and recreation. The NDI has sufficient support and usefulness to retain its current status as the most commonly used self reported measure for neck pain.

(19) Oswestry Disability Index

Patient completed questionnaire which gives a subjective percentage score of level of function and disability in activities of daily living in those rehabilitating from low back pain. 

(20) Toronto Western Spasmodic Torticollis Rating Scale

To evaluate torticollis severity, disability and pain in patients with cervical dystonia.

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