Categories
Physiotherapy

Scapulohumeral Rhythm

Scapulohumeral rhythm (also called as glenohumeral rhythm) is the kinematic interaction between the scapula and the humerus, given by Codman in the year 1930. This coordinated interaction is important for the optimal function of the shoulder. When there is a change in the normal position of the scapula relative to the humerus, can this can […]

Categories
Cervical spondylosis, Neck pain, Spondylosis, Physiotherapy

Cervical Spondylosis

EPIDEMIOLOGY Evidence of spondylotic change is frequently found in many asymptomatic adults, with 25% of adults under the age of 40, 50% of adults over the age of 40, and 85% of adults over the age of 60 showing some evidence of disc degeneration. Another study of asymptomatic adults showed significant degenerative changes at 1 […]

Categories
Pain Definition, Pain Classification Physiotherapy

Pain – Definition and Classification

The¬†International Association of Study of Pain’s widely used definition describes pain as “an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage”. CLASSIFICATION OF PAIN According to Pain Physiology Clifford J Woolf suggests three classes of pain: Nociceptive pain Inflammatory pain Pathological pain NOCICEPTIVE Nociceptive […]

Categories
Physiotherapy

Varicose Veins

EPIDEMIOLOGY AND CAUSES Annual incidence of varicose vein is 2% Life time prevalence approaches 40% Varicose vein are more common in females than men with ration of 2-3:1 10-20% patients are highly symptomatic that complaint about lower leg varicose vein CAUSES Obesity Pregnancy Genetic Predisposition Hormonal Imbalance Large Exercise Uncomfortable footwear Prolonged Standing / Sitting […]

Categories
Anterior Compartment of Arm, Biceps Brachii, Coracobrachialis, Brachialis, Triceps brachii, Anconeus Physiotherapy Posterior Compartment of Arm

Anterior and Posterior Compartment of Arm (Muscles)

Anterior Compartment of Arm (1) Biceps Brachii Origin The biceps muscle has two heads (a) The short head and Origin at the coracoid process of scapula (b) The long head Origin at supraglenoid tubercle of the scapula Insertion Inserts at radial tuberosity and bicipital aponeurosis into deep fascia on medial part of forearm Artery Supply […]