Ankle Sprain, Sprained Ankle, Ankle Pain Physiotherapy

Ankle Sprain

Ankle sprain is an injury to the tough bands of tissue (ligaments) that surround and connect the bones of the leg to the foot. The injury typically happens when you accidentally twist or turn your ankle in an awkward way. This can stretch or tear the ligaments that hold your ankle bones and joints together. […]

Glenohumeral rhythm Physiotherapy Scapulohumeral rhythm

Scapulohumeral Rhythm

Scapulohumeral rhythm (also called as glenohumeral rhythm) is the kinematic interaction between the scapula and the humerus, given by Codman in the year 1930. This coordinated interaction is important for the optimal function of the shoulder. When there is a change in the normal position of the scapula relative to the humerus, can this can […]

Cervical spondylosis, Neck pain, Spondylosis, Physiotherapy

Cervical Spondylosis

EPIDEMIOLOGY Evidence of spondylotic change is frequently found in many asymptomatic adults, with 25% of adults under the age of 40, 50% of adults over the age of 40, and 85% of adults over the age of 60 showing some evidence of disc degeneration. Another study of asymptomatic adults showed significant degenerative changes at 1 […]

Pain Definition, Pain Classification Physiotherapy

Pain – Definition and Classification

The¬†International Association of Study of Pain’s widely used definition describes pain as “an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage”. CLASSIFICATION OF PAIN According to Pain Physiology Clifford J Woolf suggests three classes of pain: Nociceptive pain Inflammatory pain Pathological pain NOCICEPTIVE Nociceptive […]


Varicose Veins

EPIDEMIOLOGY AND CAUSES Annual incidence of varicose vein is 2% Life time prevalence approaches 40% Varicose vein are more common in females than men with ration of 2-3:1 10-20% patients are highly symptomatic that complaint about lower leg varicose vein CAUSES Obesity Pregnancy Genetic Predisposition Hormonal Imbalance Large Exercise Uncomfortable footwear Prolonged Standing / Sitting […]