In this article, we will discuss various Causes of Type II Respiratory Failure. So, let’s get started.
Severe acute asthma
Inhaled foreign body
Multiple fractured ribs, flail chest
Chronic bronchitis (COPD)
Terminally ill patients
Progressive respiratory disease
Kyphoscoliosis (severe chest deformity)
Obesity hypoventilation syndrome (Pickwickian syndrome)
Respiratory muscles paralysis
Sputum retention syndrome
Drug (narcotics) overdose
Source: Emergency Medicine by SN Chugh and Ashima Chugh
In this article, we will discuss the Classification of Myocardial Infarction (MI). So, let’s get started.
Type 1 – Spontaneous MI – It is related to ischemia due to a primary coronary event such as plaque rupture, ulceration, fissuring, erosion or dissection resulting in coronary thrombosis
Type 2 – Supply/Demand mismatch – MI secondary to ischemia due to either increased oxygen demand or decreased oxygen supply e.g. coronary artery spasm, coronary embolism, anemia, arrhythmia, hypertension or hypotension.
Type 3 – Suspected MI-related death – Sudden unexpected cardiac death often with symptoms suggestive of myocardial infarction.
Type 4a – PCI related MI (percutaneous coronary intervention) – Rise in cardiac biomarkers accompanied by symptoms along with electrographic, angiographic or imaging evidence of ischemia after PCI (MI associated with PCI).
Type 4b – Stent thrombosis – Confirmed stent thrombosis in the context of ischemia and dynamic cardiac biomarkers changes (MI associated with stent thrombosis).
Type 5 – CABG related MI (coronary artery bypass graft) – Rise in cardiac biomarkers accompanied by electrographic, angiographic or imaging evidence of ischemia after CABG (MI associated with CABG).