Signs and Symptoms of Perimenopause

In this article we will discuss about the Sign and Symptoms of Perimenopause. So, let’s get started.

Sign and Symptoms of Perimenopause

Hot flashes

Irregular menses

Breast tenderness

Mood Swings

Dyspareunia

Vaginal dryness

Reduced libido or sexual drive

Urinary incontinence or urgency or both

Trouble sleeping

Night sweats

Weight gain

Bloating

Concerntration deficit, irritability, depression, anxiety, anger and fatigue

Dizziness

You may have few or majority symptoms (not necessary all) and if you are in the perimenopausal age (i.e mid to late 40s) then these symptoms may indicate perimenopause.

Advertisements
Advertisements

Superior Gemellus Muscle

In this article we will discuss about the Superior Gemellus muscle. So let’s get started.

Superior Gemellus Muscle

It originates from the the outer surface of ischial spine of pelvis and gets inserted into the medial surface of greater trochanter of femur along with obturator internus muscle. It is innervated by the nerve to obturator internus or nerve to quadratus femoris or both and artery supply is through the inferior gluteal artery. It’s chief action is lateral rotation of hip joint.

Pic courtesy:- http://www.corewalking.com

Transverse Abdominis Muscle

In this article we will discuss about the Transverse Abdominis Muscle. So, let’s get started.

Transverse Abdominis Muscle

It originates from the lateral third of the inguinal ligament, anterior three-fourths of the inner lip of iliac crest, inner surface of the coastal cartilage of lower six ribs and from thoracolumbar fascia and gets inserted into the pubic crest and pectineal line forming the inguinal conjoint tendon together with internal oblique muscle. It also has insertion in the linea alba. It is innervated by the Thoraco-abdominal nerves, subcostal nerve, iliohypogastric nerve, and ilioinguinal nerve and blood supply is through the subcostal artery. It’s chief action is compression of ribs and viscera providing thoracic and pelvic stability. It also helps during childbirth.

Pic courtesy:- http://www.yoganatomy.com

Obturator Externus Muscle

In this article we will discuss about the Obturator Externus Muscle. So, let’s get started.

Obturator Externus Muscle

It originates from the margin around the medial side and medial 2/3rd of outer surface of obturator membrane and inferior pubic ramus and ramus of ischium and gets inserted into the trochanteric fossa of femur. It is innervated by the obturator nerve and artery supply is through the obturator artery. It’s chief action is adduction and lateral rotation at hip joint.

Pic courtesy :- http://tau.amegroups.com/

Obturator Internus Muscle

In this article we will discuss about the Obturator Internus Muscle. So, let’s get started.

Obturator Internus Muscle

It originates from the medial surface of the obturator membrane, inner surface of the anterolateral wall of pelvis, ischiopubic ramus, ischium, the rim of pubis and posterior bony margins of obturator foramen and gets inserted into the greater trochanter of femur. It is innervated by the nerve to obturator internus and artery supply is through the inferior gluteal artery. It’s chief action is abduction and lateral rotation of femur with extended hip and abduction of femur with hip flexion and it also stabilizes hip while walking.

Pic courtesy:- https://slideplayer.com/