What is Achondroplasia?

In this article we will discuss about What is Achondroplasia? So let’s get started.

Achondroplasia

Achondroplasia is a form of skeletal disorder known as short limbed dwarfism. It is genetic disorder of autosomal dominant type caused due to mutation in FGFR3(fibroblast growth factor receptor 3) gene. Symptoms include disproportionate dwarfism,spinal deformities like kyphosis,varus and valgus deformities in knee, shortening of proximal limbs, enlarged head with normal intelligence. It has a estimated frequency of 1 in 15,000 to 35,000 births. Diagnosis includes genetic testing. Treatment includes Growth Hormonal Therapy.

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Causes of Urinary Incontinence

In this article we will discuss about Various Causes of Urinary Incontinence. So let’s get started.

Causes

In females


Pregnancy and Childbirth

Menopause

Hysterectomy

In males

Prostate Cancer and Enlargement

Other Causes includes

Detrusor Muscle Impairment

Obesity

Diabetes

Urinary Tract Infection

Dysfunction in the Nerve Supply of the bladder etc

Complication of Prolonged Immobilisation or Bed Rest Complication

In this article we will discuss about Complication of Prolonged Immobilisation or Bed Rest Complication. So let’s get started.

Complications

Joint Stiffness and Contractures

Muscular Atrophy

Pressure Ulcers

Orthostatic Hypotension

Bowel Irregularities

Decreased Cardiovascular Fitness

Psychological Complications include Depression, Anxiety, Fear etc.

Decreased BMR

Renal Stones

Urinary Tract Infection etc.

Symptoms of Interstitial Lung Disease

In this article we will discuss about Symptoms of Interstitial Lung Disease. So let’s get started.

Symptoms

ILD is characterized by inflammation i.e

Bronchiolitis

Alveolitis

Vasculitis

Symptoms include

Shortness of breathe,Laboured breathing,Loss of Appetite,Dry Cough, Haemorrhage in the lungs, Fatigue and Weakness.

Treatment of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome

In this article we will discuss about the Treatment of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome. So let’s get started.

Treatment

Drugs to manage CRPS include:-

Biphosphonates

NSAIDS

Opoids

Corticosteroids

Topical local anaesthetic creams

Other treatment methods include

Sympathetic Nerve Block

Surgical Sympathectomy

Spinal Cord Stimulation

Physiotherapy Management include

Use of Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation

Hydrotherapy

Mirror Therapy

Desensitisation

Stretching

Mobilisation and Manual Therapy Techniques

Isometric Strengthening Exercises

If lower extremities are involved then gait training is included

Other Techniques include

Passive Relaxation Techniques

Accupuncture

Visual Biofeedback

Graded Motor Imagery