Indications of Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation (TENS) in Physiotherapy

In this article we will discuss about various indications of Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation (TENS) Machine in Physiotherapy. So let’s get started.


Musculoskeletal Pain

Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy

Neuropathic Pain

Chronic Low Back Pain

Rheumatoid Arthritis



Visceral Pain

FDA has approved use of tens in symptomatic relief from chronic pain, arthritis pain, Post-Traumatic pain.

Buy one for yourself

Physio 4 Channel TENS

Disclaimer- Read instruction manual carefully. Its better to seek professional help before using any medical or Physiotherapy equipments.


Diagnosis of Frozen Shoulder

In this Article we will discuss about the Radiographical and Physical Diagnosis of Frozen Shoulder. So let’s get started.


Radiography shows increased thickening of joint capsule in frozen shoulder. Inflammation of joint capsule leads to adhesion formation around shoulder joint which leads to restricted Range of Motion. Here is an example of structural difference between a normal shoulder and a frozen shoulder.

X-Ray of Normal Shoulder

Now X-Ray of Frozen Shoulder

Physical Examination includes Range of Motion Test viz. Flexion, Extension, Rotation, Abduction, Adduction Movement of shoulder Joint that classically signifies limited/restricted and painful range of motion.

For more in depth study about frozen shoulder its treatment and clinical features read this article